2006 Ning Pan and Wen Zhong, Fluid transport phenomena in fibrous materials, Textile Progress, Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, UK, 124 Pages.
Fluid transport is one of the most frequently observed phenomena in the processing and end uses of fibrous materials. Fibrous materials have a unique structure of complex geometry, characterized by system anisotropy and heterogeneity. The characterization of fibrous materials, therefore, is critical in the understanding of transport behavior through fibrous structures, and is discussed after an introductory section. Subsequent sections cover topics of various transport processes through fibrous structures, including wicking and wetting, resin impregnation in liquid composite molding, filtration and separation in geotextiles, aerosol filtration in fibrous filters, micro/nano scale transport phenomena, and biomedical applications. The fibrous structure is also known for its multi-scale pore distribution from intra-fiber to inter-fiber spaces. This multi-scale effect is even more prominent when micro or nano fibrous materials are concerned, and so multi-scale approaches to address the scale effects of transport behavior in fibrous materials are discussed. Finally, the Ising model of statistical mechanics, a robust computer-simulation tool dealing with the fluid transport problems in fibrous materials, is introduced.
2006 Thermal and Moisture Transport in Fibrous Material, Edited by Ning Pan and Phil Gibson, Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, UK, 656 pages.
This comprehensive guide to technological developments and scientific understanding of thermal and moisture transport in textiles begins with a summary of the structure, geometry, and stereology of fibrous materials. The fundamentals of wetting and its dynamics are also discussed. The second section analyzes thermal and liquid interactions in textiles, offering insights into the thermodynamic behavior of moisture as well as heat and moisture coupling. The book concludes with chapters on the human thermoregulatory system, the fibrous material—human body interface, and innovative computer modeling simulations.
From the Introduction: The role of heat and mass transfer is often critical to the manufacture or function of devices, structures, and engineered items incorporating fibrous materials. Two aspects of thermal and moisture transport in fibrous materials are examined in this book: the basic nature of the transport process itself and the engineering factors important to the performance of manufactured articles incorporating fibrous materials...Many of the chapters in this book treat fibrous materials as a porous media ?a solid material phase permeated by an interconnected network of pores (voids) filled with fluids (liquid or gas). The solid matrix and the pore spaces are assumed to form two interpenetrating phases, which may be either continuous or discontinuous...?
2008 Ning Pan, two chapters in Handbook of Military Textiles, Edited by Dr. Eugene Wilusz, Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, UK, 362 pages.
Mechanical Failure Criteria For Textiles And Textile Damage Resistance
- Introduction: Materials resistance, strength and failure
- Material strengths
- The peculiarities about textile mechanics
- Failure criteria for fabrics
- Other forms of failure for fabrics and garments
- Fabric and garment failure reduction
Sweat Management For Military Aapplications
- Introduction: Body/clothing/environment - the microclimate
- Heat, moisture and human body thermoregulation
- Heat and moisture interactions in the microclimate
- Sweat management for military apparel applications